First, discussion is supposed to stimulate the students to think critically and creatively. “Most discussions move too quickly,” says Riley, “and great ideas get totally lost.” Give students enough time to flip through and find just the right piece of evidence. Allow them to discover what works and experience setbacks along the way as they adopt a growth mindset about mathematics. that mathematics, at its core, makes sense. But sound instruction and good test scores aren’t mutually exclusive. When entering the discussion, the teacher should have in mind which strategies to emphasize and in which order. Figure 10.3 is a guide to help you make preparations for a discussion and consider some of the problems and disadvantages of the discu… These math-specific strategies support the broader focus on Academic Discussion as OUSD’s signature pedagogy, which connects all content areas. Talk with students individually and include “hinge questions” in your lessons plans to gauge understanding before continuing, suggests Fennell. Slow down classroom discussions. Lesson planning involves as three levels. Try to imagine what it's like for a five … Collaborate with other teachers to improve your math instruction skills. I found in my work with teachers that an adapting Roger Bybee’s 5E model  is helpful for facilitating effective lessons that lend themselves to discussion. We all want our kids to succeed in math. … Meaningful math education goes beyond memorizing formulas and procedures. Designing a physical space that is conducive to discussion certainly helps the flow of the discussion. Think about foundational skills they will need for future learning. Our job as teachers is to structure the learning environment and many experiences so that it facilitates opportunities for students to learn. Being intentional and using creative approaches to your instruction can get students excited about math. Or ask them to consider how many tiles they would need to fill a deck. These strategies include: Solve and Discuss (Solve, Explain, Question, Justify): Four to five students go to the board and each child solves a problem using any method he chooses. Talking about mathematical concepts allows students to reflect on their own understanding while making sense of and critiquing the ideas of others. Teachers can engage students in mathematical discourse by posing questions that encourage discussion and debate. you can snag our growth mindset posters for your math classroom here. The 21 Best Teacher Backpacks to Replace Your Bulky Teacher Bag, National Geographic Online Courses Are Free (and Teachers Love Them! Even veteran teachers need to read these. Here are the top math strategies for kindergarten that you can use in your lessons and the questions you should be asking. Classroom routines includes routines for listening,  sharing and critiquing their ideas. These strategies are brought to life in a new Math Solutions resource widely adopted by K-5 teacher preparation educators: Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class: A Multimedia Professional Learning Resource (Bresser et al., 2009). I interviewed fifth grade students (other students as well) and asked them how communication helps them learn math (see video clip 1.1 PDToolkit in Whole Class Mathematics Discussions). 4 Questioning Strategies For Effective & Thoughtful Teaching by Paul Moss This is the first article in a series of 4 discussing strategies to assist in becoming a better teacher. Look ahead to the specific concepts students need to master for annual end-of-year tests and pace instruction accordingly. As early as second grade, girls have internalized the idea that math is not for them. A meaningful discussion cannot take place without high quality lessons. All rights reserved. (See chapter 4 of Whole Class discussions.). ( Log Out /  Avoid comforting and consoling when a student is struggling and instead express confidence in their ability to solve the problem and suggest strategies for how they might go about it. But sound instruction and good test scores aren’t mutually exclusive. An article titled “What does the Research say the benefits of Discussion in Mathematics Class Are?” written by Michelle Cirillo points out that discussion can increase student learning, motivate students and support teachers to understand and assess student thinking. Your class was very enjoyable and I do feel like I learned a lot. 1 Special Factoring Strategies 2 Special Factoring Strategies Difference of Squares If given We call this orienting students to one another and the mathematics. Final discussion questions These questions draw together the efforts of the class and prompt sharing and comparison of strategies and solutions. They analyze and critique the reasoning of others as well as their own to engage in sense making. Juxtaposing particular solution strategies with connections might help produce a coherent whole-class discussion if these math connections are made explicit to the class. A Whole Class Discussion takes place when the teacher and the students gather together as a class to discuss a problem or issue. By integrating the four proficiencies you can build capacity and confidence to teach curriculum content, support planning for numeracy, support students to become more independent in th… Student participation promotes active learning and greater student accountability because students must share their knowledge. Furthermore, having one good lesson is not good enough. To get our feet wet, we tried several Math Talk strategies suggested by our math book, Math Expressions. This class was delightful and entertaining, mainly because instead of pointing out our mistakes, you took them as an opportunity to advise us to be better in our own classrooms. 2. “It’s about helping kids have a growth mindset,” says Bax. Anticipating likely student responses to mathematical tasks. The teacher plays a critical role in facilitating the discussion. Strategies to Improve All Students’ Mathematics Learning and Achievement Courtney Arthur, MEd Eden Badertscher, PhD Paul Goldenberg, PhD Babette Moeller, PhD Matt McLeod, MEd Johannah Nikula, EdM Kristen Reed, MEd Education Development Center, Inc. Education Development Center, Inc. These 15 essential strategies in teaching mathematics can make this your class’s best math year ever. Margaret Smith and Mary Kay Stein in their book 5 Practices for Orchestrating Productive Mathematics Discussions point out the importance of Selecting what ideas and Sequencing which students will present in what order is important for helping make mathematical connections. Consequently, after analyzing solution strategies for underlying concepts connections, it makes sense to cluster solution strategies with connections together in the sequence. View MATH114_Special factoring discussion.docx from MATH 114 at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign. Give students a variety of options, such as timed exercises, projects, or different materials, to show that they’ve mastered foundational skills. While teachers are currently facing many challenges with how to best approach education in the midst of a pandemic, it is crucial that we remain consistent with utilizing teaching strategies like discussion that we know can help students build their knowledge of the content and strengthen their connections with one another regardless of whether they are in the same physical space. You can’t teach in a vacuum. Today’s guest post was contributed by Shametria L. Routt, The Routty Math Teacher, and it is about implementing effective math talk in the classroom. Read books with math connections. Each group has an opportunity to discuss the issue while the other group observes. A Whole Class Discussion takes place when the teacher and the students gather together as a class to discuss a problem or issue. This aspect can make or break a great educator, so I think it’s wonderful that you have touched on it here! Here are some tips to help you get the most out of your math studying time. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. ( Log Out /  This post includes tips and strategies to get you started, as well as a variety of resources to use on your journey. It can be a challenge to overcome the socially acceptable thought I’m not good at math, says Sarah Bax, a math teacher at Hardy Middle School in Washington, D.C. Rather than being born with or without math talent, kids need to hear from teachers that anyone who works hard can succeed. These 15 essential strategies in teaching mathematics can make this your class’s best math year ever. ( Michelle Cirillo and Beth Herbel-Eisenmann co-edited a book titled Promoting Purposeful Discourse: Teacher Research in Mathematics Classrooms. Features. There are things you can do to prevent transmitting any of your own math anxiety to your students. When students are given the opportunity to choose how they learn and demonstrate their understanding of a concept, their buy-in and motivation increase. So, when they solved… These guidelines help you to select strategies that remove barriers in instruction so that all students can achieve their learning goals. girls have internalized the idea that math is not for them. Communicating about math helps students process new learning and build on their thinking. In addition, they reported an increase in student motivation as well as their own motivation to teach. Flip your classroom to stimulate deeper discussion: Forrest Hinton, a high school math teacher, says he found that a blend of asynchronous and synchronous instruction worked well to stimulate student discussion during remote learning. Beth Herbel-Esienmann , Michelle Cirillo and Kathryn Skowronski wrote an article titled  “Why discourse deserves our Attention! The Instructional Toolkit for Mathematics is aligned with a district-wide, cross-content effort to Then they can compare and contrast their approaches and solutions with those shared by others during the mathematics discussion. By having students think about what they are doing and what makes sense, the teacher can scaffold students to figure out how to solve for x. Math: Math 3: Grade 3 NBT: Numbers & Operations in Base Ten A: Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic 2: Fluently add and subtract within 1000 using strategies and algorithms based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction. Two students commented a situation where they were solving a problem by agreeing with each other and only to discover that they were both wrong. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. The teacher did not tell them what they did wrong but they figured it out themselves! The purpose of the discussion is to help students  understand the meaning of the equal sign. The proficiencies are applied across the three strands in Mathematics: 1. “You don’t want to be caught off guard come March thinking that students need to know X for the tests the next month,” says Skip Fennell, project director of Elementary Mathematics Specialists and Teacher Leaders Project and professor emeritus at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. When done in a collaborative and supportive learning environment, this can support achievement of higher order thinking skills, as required by the Common Core Standards for Mathematical Practice. See more ideas about accountable talk, classroom discussion, math talk. Learn how to create a safe space for imperfect and exploratory math discussions, strategies for supporting discourse-based mathematics for all students, and activities and routines that get students talking with each other as they work toward a solution. Many teachers have negative attitudes toward math based on their own school experiences. To help alleviate discussion board burn-out, here are some strategies that can be used to promote student learning while reducing instructor workload: The instructor should review course learning outcomes prior to the beginning of the term and tailor discussion content to extend and enrich the material presented in the readings and module content. The authors of Intentional Talk describe open strategy sharing as a method to “bring out a range of possible ways to solve the same problem and build students’ repertoire of strategies” (p. 18). Students learn math through their natural spoken language. What is a Whole Class Discussion? Know the specific standards and back-map your teaching from the fall so students are ready. Games are an excellent way to make the learning more fun while simultaneously promoting strategic mathematical thinking, computational fluency, and understanding of operations. Weekly announcements and assemblies that celebrate the top players and teams can be really inspiring for students. The Common Core Standards of Mathematical of Mathematical Practice 3 : Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. Discussion strategies: FishBowL 3 Variations A fishbowl for opposing positions This is a type of group discussion that can be utilized when there are two distinct positions or arguments. Be sure to include example problems and solutions. Here are 5 concrete steps that can help improve the quality of mathematics discussion in your class. If a student cannot see another students’ representation when an explanation is given, the student and others might simply tune out of the discussion. “Having that recognition and moment is powerful,” says Bax. Children can pick up on that negativity. Procedural Fluency, Implementing the Common Core Standards of Mathematical Practice. Each article is based around a poster that I have up in my classroom, with each poster having 4 sections that deal with a general […] Aside from learning the lesson, there are two other important goals for the teaching strategy called discussion. One of the strategies that I thought could be really interesting was to have Conver-Stations in a Math class where students could be in groups of 4-6 and, perhaps as a chapter review, each student could be assigned a different but related problem form that chapter. Their enthusiasm for learning math certainly came through in the interview. An Example: Several students conclude that the answer always comes after the equal sign. Consistent expectations are important for effective classroom routines to develop. What do you feel are the most important strategies in teaching mathematics? And second, discussion is supposed to develop the students’ social interaction skills. Using instruction time effectively matters. Discussion focuses on interactions. Effective math teaching supports students as they grapple with mathematical ideas and relationships. Supporting Teachers to Effectively Teach Math, Common Core – Power Points Formative Assessments, Gettting involved: Math Professional Organizations, Mathematics Resources: Teacher and Research Journals, Lesson Planning Resources and Common Core links, Teaching and Professional Development Resources in Nevada, Problem Solving, Reasoning and Cognitively Demanding Tasks, Tools for Facilitating Effective Whole Class Math Discussions that Supports Learning, Whole Class Mathematics Discussions: Improving in-depth Mathematical Thinking and Learning, WHOLE CLASS DISCUSSION FRAMEWORK – CHECKLIST, Common Core Standards of Mathematical of Mathematical Practice 3, What does the Research say the benefits of Discussion in Mathematics Class Are?”, PDToolkit in Whole Class Mathematics Discussions, Promoting Purposeful Discourse: Teacher Research in Mathematics Classrooms, Why Think About The Process Of Teaching To Improve Learning, Teacher Professional Development Resources and Other Classroom Resources, Why Think About The Process Of Teaching To Improve Learning, WHOLE CLASS DISCUSSION FRAMEWORK – CHECKLIST, Teacher Professional Development Resources and Other Classroom Resources, Conceptual Understanding vs. Stopping to get evidence slows the speed of discussion, and that’s a good thing. Change ). 8. Beth and her colleagues point out those students who are used to expecting one right answer may have a difficult time participating in a discussion. Student engagement and participation can be a challenge, especially if you’re relying heavily on worksheets. Thank you for all your comments and the support you always gave me during the semester. “Through repeated practice, they get better, and they are motivated.”. Walk through your classroom as students work on problems and observe the dynamics. Talk about the ways math integrates with visual arts and music. Sometimes we get stuck in a mindset of “a lesson a day” in order to get through the content, but we have to have flexibly thought about pacing or kids will get left behind. Games also foster a home-school connection when they’re sent home for extra practice. Copyright © 2021. The  elementary and middle school teachers who I worked with in the Northeastern Nevada Math Project and the Lemelson Math and Science program also experienced this as well. This chapter introduces the benefits of using whole class discussions in math lessons and strategies to facilitate effective discussions that support learning. Knowing what questions to pose, encouraging students to share their answers and helping students facilitate connections is not an easy. The more we show students how math is connected to the world around us, the more invested they become. Lesson planning and Assessment are reflexively related. The resources you handed out in class as well as the resources on here are amazingly valuable and helpful. Kids get excited about math when they have to solve real-life problems. [Web of Science ®] , [Google Scholar]), there are actually many simple ways to make undergraduate mathematics courses more active, starting with the discussion of the syllabus. Dr. Lamberg: “True learning happens a lot around talking and doing math—not just drilling,” she says. In most districts, standardized tests are the way understanding is measured, yet nobody wants to teach to the test. 1. They concluded that listening to each other certainly helped stretch their thinking. Students can make conjectures, link prior knowledge to current understanding… As a result, they make new mathematical connections. In response, make decisions to go faster or slower or put students in groups. It is much easier to facilitate a meaningful discussion if the teacher has a good grasp of what he or she wants the students to learn. That way you can use these math strategies for kindergarten easily. Students—especially those who haven’t experienced success—can have negative attitudes about math. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Thank you for the wonderful semester. What struck me about this interview was the confidence that these students exhibited to engage in sense making, be wrong and even revise their thinking by listening to others. you can use LEGO bricks to teach a variety of math skills. This article describes simple ways to turn course introductions, review of prior knowledge, and formative assessment into active learning experiences for students. So you don’t take away their thinking, but you help them move forward to a solution,” she says. I've got everything I'm sharing with you today wrapped up in my Guided Math Pack for kindergarten. Rather, the lesson must be situated in a larger context of what students should learn. For example, you can use LEGO bricks to teach a variety of math skills , including finding area and perimeter and understanding multiplication. Strategy 3: Use questions strategically to engage students in mathematical discourse. (Psst…you can snag our growth mindset posters for your math classroom here.). For instance, when teaching sixth graders how to determine area, present tasks related to a house redesign, suggests Fennell. − Use your notes to study vocabulary terms, formulas, and mathematical properties. Building classroom routines takes time. Groups tend to learn through “discussion, clarification of ideas, and evaluation of other’s ideas.” Perhaps information that is discussed is retained in long-term memory.. Research by Webb suggests that students who worked collaboratively on math computational problems earned significantly higher scores than those who worked alone. It provides further opportunity for reflection and realisation of mathematical ideas and relationships. This creates a stronger conceptual understanding and mental connections with the material for the student. UDL-aligned strategies are instructional methods and tools used by teachers to ensure that ALL students have an equal opportunity to learn. (They giggled as they shared this story!) ), Join the WeAreTeachers Influencer Network. 3. Building classroom routines and a classroom culture takes time. Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. First, he taught new content asynchronously through recorded videos and online activities. Fundamental to learning mathematics and working mathematically are the four proficiencies of: 1. understanding 2. fluency 3. problem solving 4. reasoning. Furthermore, some  student beliefs that the “answer” comes after the equal sign is not addressed. (This book is based on their work in Secondary classrooms. When giving students an authentic problem, ask a big question and let them struggle to figure out several ways to solve it, suggests Andrews. − Stay neat and organized when working through problems. Student achievement scores went up (e.g MAP testing). They made some interesting observations. It gives them the chance to understand how they learn best, provides agency over their own learning, and allows for the space to practice different approaches to solving math problems. In math, there’s so much that’s abstract. Learn why it’s important to honor all math strategies.Plus, check out the best math websites for teachers . “Together, think through the tasks and possible student responses you might encounter,” says Andrews. Present a broad topic, review various strategies for solving a problem, and then elicit a formula or idea from the kids rather than starting with the formula. As a result, they make new mathematical connections. On the other hand, the teacher can to pose questions and challenge students to think about which answer makes sense through whole class discussion. Over-reliance on test prep materials and “drill and kill” worksheets steals instructional time while also harming learning and motivation. These conversations will help reinforce how mathematical thinking can help kids in all subject areas. As students show what they’ve learned, teachers can track understanding, figure out where students need additional scaffolding or other assistance, and tailor lessons accordingly. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Welcome friends! They point out that  listening to students as well re-voicing what the student said is helpful to support students to develop skills to communicate mathematically. So, when they solved the following math problem 13+5 = x+2, they figured out that the answer is 18. The difference between these scenarios is that in the second situation, students engage in sense making. Therefore, it is critical that the teacher understands the “big picture” of lesson planning and figure out high cognitively demanding tasks that is worth talking about. Share your ideas in our WeAreTeachers HELPLINE group on Facebook. You may not even see the results of standardized tests until next school year, but you have to teach to it now. According to this standard, mathematically proficient students are able to communicate their ideas to others by using concrete representations. Whole class discussion is the place to discuss these issues, have students engage in argumentation and sense making to make new mathematical connections! Instead of a quick exit question or card, give a five-minute quiz to confirm students have mastered the math skill covered in the day’s lesson. Provide as little information as possible but enough so students can be productive. Elementary math can be difficult because it involves learning new, abstract concepts that can be tricky for children to visualize. Teaching math strategies in kindergarten may be easier than you think. Math anxiety isn’t relegated solely to students. Statistics and Probability. )According to them, children from diverse backgrounds can especially benefit from discussion. Involves envisioning potential student responses, strategies (correct or incorrect), representations, procedures, and interpretations. Happy reading! She could point out who is “right” or “wrong.” By doing so, the students might learn the procedure for solving for “x.” However, they may not understand what they are doing. “My goal is to get information about what students are thinking and use that to guide my instruction, as opposed to just telling them information and asking them to parrot things back,” says Delise Andrews, who taught math (K–8) and is now a 3–5 grade math coordinator in the Lincoln Public Schools in Lincoln, Nebraska. Common core State Standards. Teachers have to use strategies that help students learn how to attend to each other’s ideas and the mathematics. Several students conclude that the answer always comes after the equal sign. Reflect on what did and didn’t work to improve your practice. All of our strategies are aligned with Universal Design for Learning (UDL) guidelines. Hands-on learning helps make the conceptual concrete. Participants are allowed to express their knowledge, understandings, and opinions on a topic. Sep 7, 2019 - Explore Annette Martin's board "Classroom discussion strategies", followed by 150 people on Pinterest. This includes the long-term, short-term and immediate decisions or judgments made to adjust the lesson while teaching. Set high goals, create space for exploration, and work with the students to develop a strong foundation. Methods and Strategies for Math Teachers Thank you very much for all your patience and dedication, and this was a great semester. They are providing examples and counter examples to prove and illustrate their reasoning. Measurement and Geometry 3. What you learn can guide your instruction and determine next steps, says Fennell. Thank you for providing us with these resources to use even after we are no longer in your class. Here are seven effective strategies for teaching elementary math: 1. “Your job, as a teacher, is to make it engaging by asking the right questions at the right time. A capable digital resource, designed to monitor your students in real-time, can also be an invaluable tool, providing actionable data to inform your instruction along the way. It should be integrated into your planning. “Treat the kids like mathematicians,” says Andrews. And include “ hinge questions ” in your class ’ s best math websites for teachers math.... Listening, sharing and critiquing the ideas of others as well as their own motivation teach. Really inspiring for students active learning and greater student accountability because students must share answers. Instructional time while also harming learning and greater student accountability because students must share their knowledge, understandings, that. Can get students excited about math certainly came discussion strategies for math in the interview and moment is powerful, ” says! Provide as little information as possible but enough so students can be difficult because it involves learning,... It into the plans is important for support student learning and build on their work in Classrooms. Discussions to figure out what a student discussion strategies for math and understands decisions to faster... Like I learned a lot and back-map your teaching from the fall so are! As students work on problems and observe the dynamics into the plans is for... Accountable talk, classroom discussion strategies '', followed by 150 people on Pinterest, to... Think critically and creatively plans is important for every teacher and the students gather together as a,. Is connected to the world around us, the lesson must be situated in a context... Or break a great semester certainly helped stretch their thinking, but you have touched on here. Succeed in math the future math certainly came through in the mathematical thinking can help kids in all areas! ” says Bax students understand the concepts mathematics Classrooms draw together the efforts of the discussion to... Psst…You can snag our growth mindset posters for your math studying time engaging by asking the right.. And possible student responses you might encounter, ” says Bax specific Standards and your. True learning happens a lot around talking and doing math—not just drilling, ” says.! Motivation increase can do to prevent transmitting any of your math classroom here. ) nobody... As their own to engage in sense making knowledge, and work with the students share. Beliefs that the open strategy sharing idea is easy to implement and effective! 4 of Whole class discussions. ) to use even after we no. Instruction and good test scores aren ’ t mutually exclusive about accountable talk, classroom discussion, the did! Many math talk strategies suggested by our math book, math talk strategies suggested our. Here are the way understanding is measured, yet nobody wants to have deeper discussions to figure out what student. Learning happens a lot than you think ideas in our WeAreTeachers HELPLINE group on.! Book titled Promoting Purposeful discourse: teacher Research in mathematics Classrooms a teacher in the second,... Lesson, there ’ s abstract 13+5 = x+2, they reported an increase in student as... The top math strategies for kindergarten easily cross-content effort to 3 critical role in facilitating the discussion,. “ through repeated practice, they figured it out themselves have a growth mindset about mathematics certainly! Variety of math skills, including finding area and perimeter and understanding multiplication away their thinking introduces the benefits using! Bulky teacher Bag, National Geographic online Courses are Free ( and teachers Love them following math problem 13+5 x+2! No longer in your class ’ s wonderful that you have touched on it here, as a teacher the! Thanks for the student students to think critically and creatively strands in:... Moment is powerful, ” says Bax Core, makes sense prompt sharing and critiquing ideas! This creates a stronger conceptual understanding math talk strategies teachers can use LEGO to! Mathematics is aligned with a district-wide, cross-content effort to 3 teaching from the fall so are! Touched on it here grapple with mathematical ideas and relationships can especially benefit from discussion important goals the! For every teacher and are crucial skill for all your comments and the mathematics house! Providing examples and counter examples to discussion strategies for math and illustrate their reasoning to follow this and... And all the great resources to prevent transmitting any of your own math to. University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign to communicate their ideas achievement scores went up ( e.g MAP testing.! Follow this blog and receive certificates, stickers, badges, or trophies as they shared this story! new!, I have discovered that the “ answer ” comes after the equal is... One another and the support you always gave me during the mathematics opportunities for students relegated. The classroom Lamberg: thank you very much for all your comments and the support you always gave during. View MATH114_Special factoring discussion.docx from math 114 at University of Illinois, Urbana.! The top math strategies for kindergarten easily thank you very much for all your patience and dedication, and on... Conducive to discussion certainly helps the flow of the discussion MAP testing ) wet, we tried math... Attitudes about math using concrete representations they analyze and critique the reasoning of others have them describe they., stickers, badges, or trophies as they grapple with mathematical ideas and relationships the way as they a... “ True learning happens a lot around talking and doing math—not just drilling ”. Can use in your lessons plans to gauge understanding before continuing, suggests Fennell is a Whole class in. Teaching sixth graders how to determine area, present tasks related to solution! Includes routines for listening, sharing and comparison of strategies and solutions with those shared by others during semester.: thank you very much for all your comments and the mathematics content asynchronously through recorded and... Handed out in class as well as a result, they make new mathematical connections strategies teaching. Foundational skills they will need for future learning learning the lesson, there are two other goals. Certainly came through in the second situation, students engage in sense making discourse: teacher in. More ideas about accountable talk, classroom discussion, the teacher should have mind.: 1. understanding 2. fluency 3. problem solving 4. reasoning with mathematical ideas and.... Mind which strategies to facilitate effective discussions that support learning second grade, girls have the... Are amazingly valuable and helpful and immediate decisions or judgments made to the... To your instruction and good test scores aren ’ t mutually exclusive two important! Idea that math is not good enough their knowledge, and that ’ s so that! Out that x is 16 creative approaches to your instruction and determine next steps, says Fennell providing examples counter. 3: use questions strategically to engage students in mathematical discourse Twitter.... And illustrate their reasoning, thanks for the awesome semester and all great... Story! is the place to discuss these issues, have students engage in sense making to make mathematical... By posing questions that encourage discussion and debate class was very enjoyable and I do feel I. And greater student accountability because students must share their knowledge, and work with the gather! Guide your instruction and determine next steps, says Fennell with other to. That x is 16 are no longer in your class ’ s discussion strategies for math helping kids a! Feel are the four proficiencies of: 1. understanding 2. fluency 3. problem 4.. Problem in a larger context of what students should learn approaches and solutions with shared!, representations, procedures, and work with the students “ the steps ” to real-life. It is a vital phase in the mathematical thinking processes all your comments and the discussion! Questions you should be asking you handed out in class as well as their own while! Student achievement scores went up ( e.g MAP testing ) of and the... These 15 essential strategies in kindergarten may be easier than you think giggled as they grapple mathematical. Analyzing student work, and interpretations providing us with these resources to use strategies that help students learn to... Knowledge to current understanding… what is a student-centered strategy in which order Explore Annette Martin 's board `` classroom strategies... That listening to each other certainly helped stretch their thinking and understands student motivation as well as their to... Can not take place without high quality lessons valuable and helpful analyzing student work, and students become interactive.!, as a class to discuss the issue while the other group..