183 0 obj <> endobj [clarification needed][7], The heyday of Reclamation construction of water facilities occurred during the Depression and the 35 years after World War II. 8, No. [6] In 1924, however, in the face of increasing settler unrest and financial woes, the "Fact Finder's Report" spotlighted major problematic issues; the Fact Finders Act in late 1924 sought to resolve some of these problems. �������d�{��TJ!l¥�6�R�m\Z�Y\Æ�`��IW���5q4?�݃*q��b�)e����8��/B����a�XB2a�#m�Z �ɳ��!.�܅�9"�.�4��)E����A �)��T @�`�8����"�bn��"�-(& History, Authorities, and Issues for Congress The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), an agency within the Department of the Interior (DOI), is responsible for the management and development of many of the large federal dams and water diversion structures in the 17 conterminous states west of the Mississippi River. Bureau of Reclamation Announces Trump Administration Advances Western Water Storage Projects – Includes Sites Reservoir, Shasta Dam, Delta-Mendota Canal and Del Puerto Canyon Reservoir Built between 1903 and 1905, the canal is part of the Newlands Project, one of Reclamation’s oldest and first-of … %�PdyS^V���٫�Ϗ�+��}W���pP4}Jʄ�=�.&�yS1��}u���b8%�b�]}�/;�ɟ$������.�M����Yݞ�u;iWu���ݪ�]�]8�:9э'y]z������8 H�\�Kk� ໿b����([ Currently the USBR is the largest wholesaler of water in the country, bringing water to more than 31 million people, and providing one in five Western farmers with irrigation water for 10 million acres of farmland, which produce 60% of the nation's vegetables and 25% of its fruits and nuts. [citation needed], Reclamation commissioners that have had a strong impact and molding of the Bureau have included Elwood Mead, Michael W. Straus, and Floyd Dominy, with the latter two being public-power boosters who ran the Bureau during its heyday. h��Vmo�0�+�B�o��H�-&Ct��iB��,�� ����b�nֽ� ��>ߝ�~�O+�� &��t�cRg0�L[\)�)4SB0����S�Iv�f�i��Θ�H��45�LO�����}-�Uŧ��Ͳ�,>�0�X�~���!�|>a}�����r� \ۊ�������y_�_����>���E������W/����gV+��V��p|�)�W��˶�N�?N��дƤ�Ɵ��~yY7?�ʦ���[�T The major rivers have been harnessed and facilities are in place or are being completed to meet the most pressing current water demands and those of the immediate future". Unlike the situation with most other Federal agencies, researchers in the history of Reclamation will find the Bureau of Reclamation’s historic records concentrated in one location — the National Archives and Records Burman is the first woman to ever lead the Bureau of Reclamation. In 1936, the Bureau of Reclamation began to study the water needs of the San Luis Valley, and the results of that research led to the initiation of the San Luis Valley Project. "USBR" redirects here. 9�A�� ���Шsȿ��e���#�^��V+��ѡ�Ai�p6�=�J�������WL���u�8�z0�1��!8{���I����;�N�6��n�[��� ���$�Wn���@Sڮ�!���9'�V�P�}��F�l�@����a4�^�hj�/^���Aܸ#����",���ur�]FW�Ut�]G��ч�C�1�}�>E���ї�K*�^M,7t��s� ������J���Xc!d�I~ $�c Reclamation wrote that "The arid West essentially has been reclaimed. [8] However, this first and only failure of a major Reclamation Bureau dam led to subsequent strengthening of its dam-safety program to avoid similar problems. Comments and questions about the history program may be sent to the Historian. H�|S�n�0}�W�QfY7�Ph����b`E$Q��⤈��m�,˪�������^�CRtxL&��<8'r�. Reclamation’s history. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Design of Small Canal Structures. 348–364, Office of Surface Mining, Reclamation, and Enforcement, List of United States Bureau of Reclamation dams, "The Real Conquest of the West: The Work of the United States REclamation Service", The Bureau of Reclamation: A Very Brief History, List of Reclamation projects, dams and powerplants, Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, Office of the Special Trustee for American Indians, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Insular and International Affairs, Central Utah Project Completion Act Office, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Laboratories and Technology Centers, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=United_States_Bureau_of_Reclamation&oldid=1000353833, Water management authorities in the United States, United States Department of the Interior agencies, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Pojoaque Basin Regional Water System Project, Börk, Karrigan S., "'The Wilderness and the Dry Land Will Be Glad; and the Desert Will Rejoice and Blossom like a Rose': The Origins of the Bureau of Reclamation,", This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 19:39. If you don't have the Adobe Reader, you can get it here.) endstream endobj 187 0 obj <>stream Because Texas had no federal lands, it did not become a Reclamation state until 1906, when Congress passed a law including it in the provisions of the Reclamation Act. When Major John Wesley Powell explored the Colorado River and its surrounding landscape over 130 years ago, he envisioned a place that could be settled, but not without consequences. The new Reclamation Service studied potential water development projects in each western state with federal lands—revenue from sale of federal lands was the initial source of the program's funding. Frederick Haynes Newell was appointed the first director of the new bureau. Bureau of Reclamation - Managing water and power in the West endstream endobj 188 0 obj <>stream Project Location The San Luis Valley is located in south-central Colorado and northern New Mexico, and provides drainage to an area of approximately 8000 square miles. In 1923 the agency was renamed the "Bureau of Reclamation". The USBR is also the second largest producer of hydroelectric power in the western United States.[3]. [5], In the early years, many projects encountered problems: lands or soils included in projects were unsuitable for irrigation; land speculation sometimes resulted in poor settlement patterns; proposed repayment schedules could not be met by irrigators who had high land-preparation and facilities-construction costs; settlers were inexperienced in irrigation farming; waterlogging of irrigable lands required expensive drainage projects; and projects were built in areas which could only grow low-value crops. %PDF-1.5 %���� RECLAMATION BECOMES A FEDERAL PROGRAM. THE BUREAU OF RECLAMATION A Very Brief History Inadequate precipitation in the American West required settlers to use irrigation for agriculture. The bureau was established in 1902 by Interior Secretary Ethan Allen Hitchcock in the administration of President Theodore Roosevelt to provide irrigation water in order to “reclaim” unusably arid land for human benefit. The Bureau of Reclamation signed a Record of Decision today on the plan to address structural repairs associated with long-term operations of the Truckee Canal. Frederick Haynes Newell was appointed the first director of the new bureau. h�bbd``b`�$[A��`�bE �m �2���Q@b�#�````$��Ϩ� � �� The Bureau of Reclamation, first known as the Reclamation Service, was created under the Reclamation or Newlands Act of June 17, 1902, which established a reclamation fund from the sale of public lands to finance the location, construction, and maintenance or irrigation works that would store, divert, and develop waters for reclaiming arid and semiarid lands in the States and territories. Primary and original records related to Bureau of Reclamation history.

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