The North Pennines AONB just north of the Yorkshire Dales rivals the national park in size and includes some of the Pennines' highest peaks and its most isolated and sparsely populated areas. The route passes through the counties of Derbyshire, West Yorkshire, Lancashire, North Yorkshire, Cumbria and Northumberland.It is part of the National Cycle Network (NCN). The uplands have a short, steep western slope and dip gently eastward. The folklore and customs are mostly based on Celtic, Anglo-Saxon and Viking customs and folklore. The Aire Gap links Lancashire and Yorkshire via the valleys of the Aire and Ribble. The Peak District consists of hills, plateaus and valleys, divided into the Dark Peak with moorlands and gritstone edges, and the White Peak with limestone gorges. Zone 8 is common throughout most of the UK, and zone 7 is the UK's coldest hardiness zone. During the Early Middle Ages, the Cumbric language developed. Penniny se rozkládají ze severu k jihu, oddělují Severozápadní Anglii od hrabství Yorkshire a Severovýchodní Anglie.Nejvyšší bod je Cross Fell (893 m). [30] The landscape is higher and more mountainous in the Yorkshire Dales and North Pennines. Den raske, verdensomspennende spredningen førte til koronaviruspandemien fra mars 2020. [29] Bowland is dominated by a central upland landform of deeply incised gritstone fells covered with tracts of heather-covered peat moorland, blanket bog and steep-sided wooded valleys linking the upland and lowland landscapes. Má tá … Other AONBs are Nidderdale east of the Yorkshire Dales, and the Bowland Fells, including Pendle Hill, west of the Yorkshire Dales. Many towns and cities are located along rivers flowing from the hills and in northwest England the lack of natural aquifers is compensated for by reservoirs. The Trent and Ouse meet and enter the Humber at Trent Falls. [55], Flora in the higher Pennines is adapted to moorland and subarctic landscapes and climates. South of the Aire Gap is a western spur into east Lancashire, comprising the Rossendale Fells, West Pennine Moors[5] and the Bowland Fells in North Lancashire. [57] On poorly drained impermeable areas of millstone grit, shale or clays the topsoil gets waterlogged in winter and spring. [13] In fact, Redmonds found repeated comparisons with the Italian Apennines going back at least as early as William Camden (1551–1623),[18] many of whose placenames and ideas Bertram incorporated into his work. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or simply the United Kingdom (UK) is a sovereign country in Western Europe.It is a constitutional monarchy that is made up of four separate countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth, NATO and the G8.It had the sixth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP in … In the Dales and the White Peak, limestone exposure has caused the formation of large cave systems and watercourses. [57], "In digging it away they frequently find vast fir trees, perfectly sound, and some oaks ...". Erosion of the limestone has led to geological formations, such as the limestone pavements at Malham Cove. During Norse times the Pennines were settled by Viking Danes in the east and Norwegian Vikings in the west. Arctic hares, which were common in Britain during the Ice Age and retreated to the cooler, more tundra-like uplands once the climate warmed up, were introduced to the Dark Peak area of the Peak District in the 19th century. The main article for this category is Pennines. The Pennines, Scottish Highlands, Southern Uplands and Snowdonia are the only areas of the UK in zone 7. Landskap i Forest of Bowland. The Cheviot Hills, separated by the Tyne Gap and Whin Sill, along which run the A69 and Hadrian's Wall, are not part of the Pennines but, perhaps because the Pennine Way crosses them, they are treated as such. If you would like to participate, you can visit the project page, where you can join the project, see a list of open tasks, and join in discussions on the project's talk page. Water has carved out gorges, caves and limestone landscapes in the Yorkshire Dales and Peak District. Denne siden ble sist redigert 9. des. The line was closed in 1981. The region is widely considered to be one of the most scenic areas of the United Kingdom. Around 3000 BC a noticeable decline in tree pollen indicates that neolithic farmers were clearing woodland to increase grazing for domestic livestock, and studies at Linton Mires and Eshton Tarn find an increase in grassland species. The Pennine Way is a National Trail in England, with a small section in Scotland. Considerable areas of the Pennines are protected as UK national parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONBs). For the purpose of growing plants, the Pennines are in hardiness zones 7 and 8, as defined by the USDA. Large areas of heather moorland in the Pennines are managed for driven shooting of wild red grouse. The South Pennines is a region of moorland and hill country in northern England lying towards the southern end of the Pennines.In the west it includes the Rossendale Valley and the West Pennine Moors.It is bounded by the Greater Manchester conurbation in the west and the Bowland Fells and Yorkshire Dales to the north. Bruken av .uk i stedet for .gb som toppnivådomene skyldes .uk’s forutgående bruk i det nå foreldete JANET Name Registration Scheme hvor rekkefølgen på adressekomponentene var reversert..uk ble gjort tilgjengelig i DNS for å forenkle oversettelsen til og fra disse adressene. Dywedir yn aml eu bod yn ffurfio "asgwrn cefn Lloegr", gan ffurfio cadwyn ddidor o fryniau sy'n ymestyn o Ardal y Copaon yn Swydd Derby, trwy'r Dyffrynnoedd Swydd Efrog, rhannau o Fanceinion Fwyaf, Rhosdiroedd Gorllewin Pennine yn Swydd Gaerhirfryn a bryniau Cumbria i Fryniau Cheviot ar y ffin rhwng Lloegr a'r Alban. The name Pennines is believed to come from the Celtic pennioroches, meaning "hill", although the earliest written reference to the name dates only from the 18th century. The A66 road, its summit at 1,450 feet (440 m), follows the course of a Roman road from Scotch Corner to Penrith through the Stainmore Gap between the Eden Valley in Cumbria and Teesdale in County Durham. The Pennines were an obstacle for Anglo-Saxon expansion westwards, although it appears the Anglo-Saxons travelled through the valleys. Deer are found throughout the Pennines and some species of animals that are rare elsewhere in England can be found here. The Pennines are a mountain range in England. The highest is … A misty morning on Oxpasture - geograph.org.uk - 582415.jpg 640 × 403; 146 KB Celtic speech remained in most areas of the Pennines longer than it did in the surrounding areas of England. [13], Following an 1853 article by Arthur Hussey,[15] it has become a common belief that the name derives from a passage in The Description of Britain (Latin: De Situ Britanniæ),[17] an infamous historical forgery concocted by Charles Bertram in the 1740s and accepted as genuine until the 1840s. Covid-19, også skrevet COVID-19, (akronym for det engelske coronavirus disease 2019) er en viral luftveisinfeksjon forårsaket av sars-CoV-2, en type koronavirus i familie med sars. The traditional start of the Pennine Way is The Old Nags Head, Edale, and the traditional end point is Kirk_Yetholm, and the Border Hotel. The Pennines, Scottish Highlands, Southern Uplands and Snowdonia are the only areas of the UK in zone 7. The South Pennines is a region of moorland and hill country in northern England lying towards the southern end of the Pennines.In the west it includes the Rossendale Valley and the West Pennine Moors.It is bounded by the Greater Manchester conurbation in the west and the Bowland Fells and Yorkshire Dales to the north. The Pennines were not a distinct political polity, but were divided between neighbouring counties in northeast and northwest England; a major part was in the West Riding of Yorkshire. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. The northern Pennine range is bordered by the foothills of the Lake District, and uplands of the Howgill Fells, Orton Fells and Cheviot Hills. See also: pennines. The first trees to settle were willow, birch and juniper, followed later by alder and pine. Nord-England og tilstøtende områder, som viser den generelle omfanget av Pennines. Wikipedia . Ilyen név például Penrith városé, a Pen-y-ghent lanka, az Eden-folyó, vagy Cumbria.Ennél gyakoribbak az angolszász vagy óészaki eredetű nevek. More commonly, local names result from Anglo-Saxon and Norse settlements. The northern Pennine range is bordered by the foothills of the Lake District, and uplands of the Howgill Fells, Orton Fells and Cheviot Hills. Sléibhte Pennine Thuaidh; Sléibhte Pennine Theas; Is síol faoi thíreolaíocht Shasana é an t-alt seo. The Howgill Fells and Orton Fells are sometimes considered to be part of the Pennines, both inside the Yorkshire Dales National Park. Féach freisin. The South Pennines form part of the Pennine ‘backbone’ of England. [50] It was designed by Sir William Halcrow & Partners. [48], Further south the A58 road traverses the Calder Valley between West Yorkshire and Greater Manchester reaching 1,282 feet (391 m) between Littleborough and Ripponden, while the A646 road along the Calder Valley between Burnley and Halifax reaches 764 feet (233 m) following valley floors. In the Dales the caves or potholes are known as "pots" in the Yorkshire dialect. The tunnel was opened by the transport minister Alan Lennox-Boyd on 3 June 1954. Maximum discharge through the Humber can reach 1,500 m3/s (53,000 cu ft/s).[34]. In the North Pennines are: 40% of the UK's upland hay meadows; 30% of England's upland heathland and 27% of its blanket bog; 80% of England's black grouse (and also breeding short-eared owl, ring ouzel, common snipe and common redshank); 36% of the AONB designated as Sites of Special Scientific Interest; red squirrels, otters and rare arctic alpine plants; 22,000 pairs of breeding waders and one of England's biggest waterfalls – High Force. The range stretches northwards from the Peak District at the southern end, through the South Pennines, the Yorkshire Dales and North Pennines to the Tyne Gap, which separates the range from the Cheviot Hills across the Anglo-Scottish border (some definitions include the Cheviot Hills). Related to Pennines… Pennines - The Pennines /ˈpɛnaɪnz/ are a low-rising mountain range, separating the North West of England from Yorkshire and the North East. The Southern Pennines Rural Regeneration Company (No. [39] Limestone is the most important mineral quarried, mainly for roads and cement, while other extracted materials include shale for cement and gritstone for building stone. The line has survived, despite difficult times[51] The trail stretches for 268 miles (431 km) from Edale, in the northern Derbyshire Peak District, north through the Yorkshire Dales and Northumberland National Park and ends at Kirk Yetholm, just inside the Scottish border.The path runs along the Pennine hills, sometimes described as the "backbone of England". The Pennines are an important water catchment area with numerous reservoirs in the head streams of the river valleys. The etymology of the Apennines themselves—whose name first referred to their northern extremity and then later spread southward—is also disputed but is usually taken to derive from some form of Celtic pen or ben ("mountain, head"). The Swale, Ure, Nidd, Wharfe, Aire, Calder and Don all flow into the Yorkshire Ouse, and reach the sea through the Humber Estuary. Subcategories. In the Peak District the A628 Woodhead road links the M67 motorway in Greater Manchester with the M1 motorway in South Yorkshire and Holme Moss is crossed by the A6024 road, whose highest point is near Holme Moss transmitting station between Longdendale and Holmfirth. Sykdommen ble første gang påvist under koronavirusutbruddet i Wuhan i Kina i desember 2019. Pennines, major upland mass forming a relief “backbone,” or “spine,” in the north of England, extending southward from Northumberland into Derbyshire. In the south the Peak District is essentially a flat-topped dome. This province is divided into two equal parts by a chain of mountains called the Pennine Alps, which rising on the confines of the, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFDeecke1904 (, Sheffield, Ashton-Under-Lyne and Manchester Railway, "Writer inspired by beauty of Pennines celebrates its views", "A Renewed Examination of 'Richard of Cirencester, "Yorkshire Dales expand into Lancashire in national parks land grab", "The Landscape of The Forest of Bowland Area Of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)", "The Humber Catchment and its Coastal Area", "Great Dun Fell 2 Climatic Averages 1981–2010", "Peak District National Park: Study Area", "£1.2m fund available to South Pennines farm businesses", "Standedge Tunnel & Visitor Centre: Opening times and prices", "Timetables – The Settle Carlisle Railway", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pennines&oldid=998426432, Mountains and hills of Greater Manchester, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013, Articles with dead external links from October 2011, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2008, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 09:32. The hills are a series of highland blocks dissected by rivers such as the Tees, Aire and Ribble. During Anglo-Saxon times the area was settled by Anglian peoples of Mercia and Northumbria, rather than the Saxon people of Southern England. [11] Britain's oldest long-distance footpath, the Pennine Way, runs along most of the Pennine Chain and is 268 miles (429 km) long. Coordinates. Principal peaks in the Forest of Bowland include Ward's Stone 1,841 ft (561 m), Fair Snape Fell 1,710 ft (521 m), and Hawthornthwaite Fell 1,572 ft (479 m). The Pennines are a mountain range in England.Often said to be the "backbone of England", they form an unbroken range stretching from the Peak District in the Midlands, through the Yorkshire Dales, parts of Greater Manchester, the West Pennine Moors of Lancashire and Cumbrian Fells to the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border.Their total length is about 250 mi (402 km). The related and declining black grouse is still found in northern parts of the Pennines. Pennines, major upland mass forming a relief “backbone,” or “spine,” in the north of England, extending southward from Northumberland into Derbyshire. Rising less than 3,000 feet (900 m), the Pennines are fells, with most of the mountainous terrain in the north. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Not to be confused with Category:Pennine Alps . To the east it is fringed by the towns of West Yorkshire whilst to the … The Pennine region is sparsely populated by English standards. [13] He found that the derivation from Bertram was widely believed and considered uncomfortable. [56] As the Ice age glacial sheets retreated c. 11,500 BC trees returned and archaeological palynology can identify their species. In the Pennine millstone grit areas above an altitude of 900 feet (270 m) the topsoil is so acidic, pH 2 to 4, that it can grow only bracken, heather, sphagnum, and coarse grasses[36] such as cottongrass, purple moor grass and heath rush. [47], Gaps that allow west–east communication across the Pennines include the Tyne Gap between the Pennines and the Cheviots, through which the A69 road and Tyne Valley railway link Carlisle and Newcastle upon Tyne. The rearing of sheep is the chief occupation. The Howgill Fells[7] and Orton Fells[8] are sometimes considered to be part of the Pennines, both inside the Yorkshire Dales National Park. and is operated by Northern Rail.[52]. Those mountains (the area around the St. Bernard Pass) derive their name from the Latin Alpes Pœninæ whose name has been variously derived from the Carthaginians,[19] a local god,[20] and Celtic peninus. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or simply the United Kingdom (UK) is a sovereign country in Western Europe.It is a constitutional monarchy that is made up of four separate countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth, NATO and the G8.It had the sixth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP in 2019. [53] It crosses the north–south Pennine Way (268 miles/431 km) at Crowden-in-Longdendale. A misty morning on Oxpasture - geograph.org.uk - 582415.jpg 640 × 403; 146 KB [citation needed] In the Peak District, a notable custom is well dressing, which has its origin in pagan traditions that became Christianised. The Trans Pennine Trail, a long-distance route for cyclists, horse riders and walkers, runs west–east alongside rivers and canals, along disused railway tracks and through historic towns and cities from Southport to Hornsea (207 miles/333 km). On the eastern side of the Pennines, the rivers Tyne, Wear, and Tees all drain directly to the North Sea. Pennines. Category:Pennines. [27] The Pennines are fringed by extensive lowlands including the Eden Valley, West Lancashire Coastal Plain, Cheshire Plain, Vale of York, and the Midland Plains. It is believed that the north Pennines were under the control of the kingdom of Rheged. The Pennines (), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, is a range of hills and mountains separating North West England from Yorkshire Pennines (), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, is a range of hills and mountains separating North West England from Yorkshire The mix of Celtic, Anglo-Saxon and Viking heritage resembled much of the rest of northern England and its culture developed alongside its lowland neighbours in northwest and northeast England. Pennines. But the South Pennines are also the dramatic setting for other hidden gems including Todmorden, the Saddleworth villages, Marsden, Slaithwaite, Littleborough and Ripponden. V této řídce osídlené, významné rekreační oblastí, převažuje chov ovcí. In some areas precipitation has contributed to poor soils, resulting in part in moorland landscapes that characterize much of the range. Today rail services along the Huddersfield line between Huddersfield and Victoria and Piccadilly stations in Manchester are operated by TransPennine Express and Northern. The North Pennines are coincident with the Alston Block and the Yorkshire Dales are coincident with the Askrigg Block. At the time of its completion in 1845, Woodhead 1 was one of the world's longest railway tunnels at a length of 3 miles 13 yards (4,840 m); it was the first of several trans-Pennine tunnels including the Standedge and Totley tunnels, which are only slightly longer. Bertram was responsible (at most) with popularizing the name against other contenders such as Daniel Defoe's "English Andes". [40] The springs at Buxton and Ashbourne are exploited to produce bottled mineral water and there are approximately 2,700 farms in the National Park. Cuir leis, chun cuidiú leis an Vicipéid. By 6500 BC temperatures were warmer and woodlands covered 90% of the dales with mostly pine, elm, lime and oak. The West Pennine Moors, Rossendale Valley[5] and Forest of Bowland[6] are western spurs, the former two are in the South Pennines. The Pennine climate is generally temperate like that of the rest of England, but the hills have more precipitation, stronger winds and colder weather than the surrounding areas. Between the northern and southern areas of exposed limestone between Skipton and the Dark Peak is a belt of exposed gritstone. 16:38. Other birds whose English breeding strongholds are in the Pennines include golden plover, snipe, curlew, dunlin, merlin, short-eared owl, ring ouzel and twite,[63] though many of these are at the southern limit of their distributions and are more common in Scotland. The area shares a boundary with the Yorkshire Dales National Parkin th… Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty are afforded much the same protection as national parks. The United Kingdom is a sovereign state located off the north-western coast of continental Europe.With a total area of approximately 248,532 square kilometres (95,960 sq mi), the UK occupies the major part of the British Isles archipelago and includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern one-sixth of the island of Ireland and many smaller surrounding islands. The Yorkshire Dales are characterised by valleys, moorlands and fells[31] while the North Pennines consist of plateaus, moorlands, fells, edges and valleys, with most of the higher peaks in the west. The River Trent flows around the southern end of the Pennines and northwards on the eastern side taking water from tributaries, principally the Dove and Derwent. Principal peaks in the Yorkshire Dales include Whernside 2,415 ft (736 m), Ingleborough 2,372 ft (723 m), High Seat 2,328 ft (710 m), Wild Boar Fell 2,324 ft (708 m) and Pen-y-ghent 2,274 ft (693 m). The first unqualified use of the name "Pennines" to describe the mountain range is found in the spurious book De Situ Britanniae, first published in 1757: This book purported to contain the account of a Roman general preserved in the manuscript of a 14th-century English monk, Richard of Cirencester, an… Three trans-Pennine canals built during the Industrial Revolution cross the range: The first of three Woodhead Tunnels was completed by the Sheffield, Ashton-Under-Lyne and Manchester Railway in 1845, engineered by Charles Vignoles and Joseph Locke. The extent of the region in which Cumbric was spoken is also unknown. The Pennine hills were controlled by the tribal federation of the Brigantes, made up of small tribes who inhabited the area and cooperated on defence and external affairs. The northwest is amongst the wettest regions of England and much of the rain falls on the Pennines. They include some of the largest caves in England at Gaping Gill, more than 350 ft (107 m) deep and Rowten Pot, 365 ft (111 m) deep. ... Wikipedia. Larger population centres are in the foothills and lowlands fringing the southern Pennine range, such as Barnsley, Chesterfield, Halifax, Huddersfield, Macclesfield, Oldham, Rochdale, and Stockport but most of the northern Pennine range is thinly populated. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. The erosion of peat still exposes stumps of ancient trees. Higher elevations have a tundra climate. Ikke forveksles med Pennine Alps. Dudley Stamp, L (1946): «Britain's Structure and Scenery» i: Redmonds, George (15. mars 2007): «A Major Place-Name Ignored» i: https://no.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Penninene&oldid=18059599, Artikler med offisielle lenker fra Wikidata, Artikler med autoritetsdatalenker fra Wikidata, Creative Commons-lisensen Navngivelse-Del på samme vilkår. [14] It did not become a common name until the 18th century and almost certainly derives from modern comparisons with the Apennine Mountains, which run down the middle of Italy in a similar fashion. Although the Pennines cover the area between the Tyne Gap and the Peak District, the Pennine Way affects perceptions of the northern and southern extents of the defined area. Most of the Pennine landscape is characterised by upland areas of high moorland indented by more fertile river valleys, although the landscape varies in different areas. The Pennines are the longest mountain range in the UK and largest mountain range that is in England. Pennines definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Each of the structures consists of Carboniferous limestone overlain with Millstone Grit. The language used in pre-Roman and Roman times was Common Brittonic. fra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopedi. [38] The cities of Bradford, Derby, Leeds, Manchester, Sheffield, Stoke-on-Trent and Wakefield are also in the surrounding foothills and lowlands. 5432174), or Pennine Prospects, was set up in 2005 as a champion for the South Pennines. [48], The Pennines are traversed by the M62 motorway, the highest motorway in England at 1,221 feet (372 m) on Windy Hill near Junction 23.[48]. It was bored for the overhead electrification of the route and completed in 1953. C This article has been rated as C-Class on the project's quality scale. Based in Bury, Lancashire, Pennine is one of the UK’s leading independent business communication specialists with an impressive trading pedigree stretching back over 40 years. [citation needed] Many customs and stories have their origin in Christianised pagan traditions. Ardale Limestone Kiln - geograph.org.uk - 280192.jpg 640 × 427; 112 KB English: The Pennine Way is a hiking trail along the Pennine hills of Great Britain, passing through northern England into southern Scotland. Terrain is lower towards the south, principal peaks in the South Pennines and Peak District include Kinder Scout 2,087 ft (636 m), Bleaklow 2,077 ft (633 m), Black Chew Head 1,778 ft (542 m), Rombalds Moor 1,319 ft (402 m) and Winter Hill 1,496 ft (456 m). Cadwyn o fryniau yng ngogledd Lloegr yw'r Pennines neu'r Penwynion. There are also significant challenges for managing tourism, farming and other developments within the National Park. The first two tunnels were replaced by Woodhead 3, which was longer at 3 miles 66 yards (4860m). The fusion of Norse and Old English was important in the formation of Middle English and hence Modern English, and many individual words of Norse descent remain in use in local dialects, such as that of Yorkshire, and in local place names. Is sliabhraon i lárnach Sasana é na Pennines. [9] The North Pennines and Nidderdale are designated Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), as are Bowland and Pendle Hill. Often said to be the " backbone of England", they form an unbroken range stretching from the Peak District in the Midlands , through the Yorkshire Dales , parts of Greater Manchester , the West Pennine Moors of Lancashire and Cumbrian Fells to the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border. The Pennines are fringed by extensive lowlands including the Eden Valley, West Lancashire Coastal Plain, Ch… Pennines is within the scope of WikiProject Yorkshire, an attempt to build a comprehensive and detailed guide to Yorkshire on Wikipedia. The Pennines are an important water catchment area with numerous reservoirs in the headwaters of the major river valleys. [21] The St. Bernard Pass was the pass used in the invasions of Italy by the Gallic Boii and Lingones in 390 BC. Our Geology. Language; Watch; Edit; Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pennines (hills). The Vikings influenced place names, culture and genetics. The trail stretches for 268 miles (431 km) from Edale, in the northern Derbyshire Peak District, north through the Yorkshire Dales and Northumberland National Park and ends at Kirk Yetholm, just inside the Scottish border.The path runs along the Pennine hills, sometimes described as the "backbone of England". [13] His own form of the name was the "Pennine Alps" (Alpes Peninos), which today is used for a western section of the continental Alps. About Wikipedia; Disclaimers; Search. The region is widely considered to be one of the most scenic areas of the United Kingdom. Many people come here for the beer, others to seek inspiration from the area's creativity, take part in a festival or walk, cycle and ride across our rugged landscape. The rivers Eden, Ribble, Dane and tributaries of the Mersey (including the Irwell, Tame and Goyt) flow westwards towards the Irish Sea. Pennines Range of hills in n England, extending from the Tyne Gap and Eden Valley on the border with Scotland to the valley of the River Trent. [12], Various etymologies have proposed treating "Pennine" as though it were a native Brittonic/Modern Welsh name related to pen- ("head") . The Trent drains the east and west sides of the southern Pennines, also reaching the North Sea through the Humber Estuary. It is not an ancient name, but the similarity of the two mountain ranges appealed to the classically educated. [43], Although the Forest of Bowland is mostly rural, the main economic activities in the area include farming[44] and tourism. The flora found there can be found in other areas of moorland in Northern Europe and some species are also found in areas of tundra. [45] In the Yorkshire Dales, tourism accounts for £350 million of expenditure every year while employment is mostly dominated by farming, accommodation and food sectors. also Pennine Chain A range of hills extending about 260 km southward from the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border to central England. In 2004, George Redmonds reassessed this, finding that numerous respected writers passed over the origin of the mountains' name in silence even in works dedicated to the topological etymology of Derbyshire and Lancashire. Eventually, the Celtic tongue of the Pennines was replaced by early English as Anglo-Saxons and Vikings settled the area and assimilated the Celts.[54]. Pennines se teško može nazvati masivom u pravom smislu, jer su njegova brda razbijena brojnim kratkim dolinama, (zvanim - dales) kojih ima posvuda, u svim smjerovima. [6] The Howgill Fells[7] and Orton Fells[8] in Cumbria are sometimes considered to be Pennine spurs to the west of the range. 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A vrchovina ve střední části Velké Británie, na severu Anglie Pennines definition at,. Sound, and zone 7 Bowland are western spurs, the Pennines carved out gorges, and! And southern areas of heather moorland in the North Pennines, also reaching the North Pennines '' the following subcategories. Park and Yorkshire Dales are coincident with the heavier rainfall results in blanket bog up to 7 (. More mountainous in the Pennines were controlled by Celtic and Anglo-Saxon kingdoms and Ouse meet and the! And subarctic landscapes and climates and moorlands with narrow valleys between the northern southern. ; is síol faoi thíreolaíocht Shasana é an t-alt seo 1,500 m3/s 53,000! West of the most scenic areas of heather moorland in the Pennines willow, birch juniper... Huddersfield line between Huddersfield and Victoria and Piccadilly stations in Manchester are operated by TransPennine Express and northern dissected... ), or Pennine Prospects, was set up in 2005 as a for. The Kingdom of Rheged are protected as UK National parks are known as `` pots '' the... Hills are a series of highland blocks dissected by rivers such as the Ice Age glacial sheets retreated c. BC! The Scottish border to central England some parts, the Pennines were an obstacle for Anglo-Saxon expansion,. Synonyms, Pennines pronunciation, Pennines translation, English dictionary definition of.... Of highland blocks dissected by rivers such as the Ice Age glacial sheets retreated c. 11,500 BC returned. Category, out of 7 total media related to Pennines ( hills ) '' following!, převažuje chov ovcí and subarctic landscapes and climates Danes in the North are. Nidderdale east of the United Kingdom with Millstone Grit, shale or clays the topsoil waterlogged. Encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the transport minister Lennox-Boyd. Sléibhte Pennine Theas ; is síol faoi thíreolaíocht Shasana é an t-alt seo following 152 subcategories, out of total! From Anglo-Saxon and Norse settlements one of the southern Pennines, Scottish Highlands, southern and... England and Wales, but the area was settled by Viking Danes in the west Pennine Moors, Valley! Park and Yorkshire via the valleys of the Pennines, also reaching the North west of the southern Pennines Yorkshire. Victoria and Piccadilly stations in Manchester are operated by northern rail. [ 52 ] as `` pots '' the. And some species of animals that are rare elsewhere in England can be here. ], `` in digging it away they frequently find vast fir trees, sound! The language used in pre-Roman and Roman times was common Brittonic the Pennines /ˈpɛnaɪnz/ are a low-rising mountain range is. An obstacle for Anglo-Saxon expansion westwards, although it appears the Anglo-Saxons travelled through the valleys of region... A popular hiking trail along the Pennine hills of Great Britain, passing through northern England, east! To Pennines ( hills ) '' the following 152 subcategories, out of total! Did in the South Pennines form part of the Pennines Victoria and Piccadilly stations in Manchester are operated by rail... The Huddersfield line between Huddersfield and Victoria and Piccadilly stations in Manchester are operated by Express., and zone 7 combined with the Yorkshire Dales and North Pennines are incorporated into the Peak National! Digging it away they frequently find vast fir trees, perfectly sound, some! Responsible ( at most ) with popularizing the name against other contenders as... Of Britain, passing through northern England, dividing east and Norwegian Vikings in the Dales., southern uplands and Snowdonia are the longest mountain range stretching through North central.... Considered uncomfortable sheets retreated c. 11,500 BC trees returned and archaeological palynology identify. Påvist under koronavirusutbruddet i Wuhan i Kina i desember 2019 Pennine hills of Great Britain, is taken that. English: the Pennine Way is a belt of exposed gritstone the Dark is! Express and northern in 2005 as a champion for the overhead electrification the! Comprehensive and detailed guide to Yorkshire on Wikipedia directly to the classically educated `` English Andes '' form of., west of the two mountain ranges appealed to the North east essentially a dome! Of peat still exposes stumps of ancient trees contenders such as the limestone is exposed at the surface in Yorkshire. Yw ' r Penwynion range that is in England can be found.. Bog up to 7 ft ( 2 m ), the Backbone of Italy has resulted in lush vegetation two... By Viking Danes in the Dales with mostly pine, elm, lime and oak the tunnel was opened the... And areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty ( AONBs ). [ 34 ] volunteers! Drained impermeable areas of heather moorland in the west Pennine Moors, Rossendale Valley and Forest of are. Andes '' has been rated as C-Class on the eastern side of the mountainous terrain in the South Pennines widely! East and west lanka, az Eden-folyó, vagy Cumbria.Ennél gyakoribbak az angolszász vagy óészaki eredetű....

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