Fifty-six delegates from all the colonies except Georgia drafted a declaration of rights ...read more, On the evening of September 5, 1914, General Joseph Joffre, commander in chief of the French army during World War I, readies his troops for a renewed offensive against the advancing Germans at the Marne River in northeastern France, set to begin the following morning. President Sam Houston 3. He was influential in gaining the admission of Texas to the United States in 1845. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. He continued to serve as senator and governor after Texas became part of the United States in 1845. Houston’s arrival in Texas coincided with the heated contest between settlers and the Mexican government for control of the area. Sam Houston for President! Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). His views on the preservation of the union were unpopular with the Texas legislature, however, and on the eve of the Civil War he was not reelected—although he was chosen governor once more in 1859. Omissions? American lawyer and politician; president of Republic of Texas. In the fall of that year, Houston was elected the first President of the Republic of Texas. The Mexican pursuit of Houston was three-pronged, and though he had an opportunity on March 20 to strike back against the leading edge of that…. A prominent figure in the political history of Texas, this politician served as the President of the Republic of Texas twice and also as a governor of the state. On September 5, 1836, Sam Houston is elected as president of the Republic of Texas, which earned its independence from Mexico in a successful military rebellion. In one, Martin Van Buren was elected President of the United States. His victory at the Battle of San Jacinto secured the independence of Texas from Mexico. Victory in the Battle of San Jacinto made Houston a hero to many Texans, and he won the 1836 Texas presidential election, defeating Stephen F. Austin and former governor Henry Smith. Corrections? The President's Honor Roll and Dean's List of Academic Honors are highly distinguished accolades recognized among higher education institutions across the nation as a true indication of excellence and accomplishment. He twice went to Washington, D.C., to expose frauds practiced upon the Indians by government agents and in 1832 was sent by Pres. In 1818, Sam Houston, wearing Indian dress, led a delegation of Cherokee to Washington, D.C., to meet with President James Monroe. His first term lasted from October 22, 1836, to December 10, 1838. An American politician and soldier, best known for his role in bringing Texas into the United States as a constituent state. He attended Southwest Texas State Teachers College, as had his brother Lyndon, and the University of Texas at Austin. Sam Houston A Blazing Star Falls to Earth. He’s an American combat veteran. Oglala Sioux leader Crazy Horse is fatally bayoneted by a U.S. soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at Fort Robinson, Nebraska. He was elected governor of Tennessee in 1827. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Then, adventure beckoned in the form of the outbreak of the War of 1812. Early life. The border of the country is frontier land, unclaimed territory, bordered by Indians. Houston took office on October 22, 1836 after interim president David G. Burnetresigned. Dr. … The Board of Regents of the Texas State University System unanimously confirmed Alisa White, Ph.D., as president of Sam Houston State University during a special called meeting today. Sam Houston Schoolhouse, Maryville, Tennessee, where he taught school. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He attended Washington and Lee University in Virginia, then enlisted in the army on the second day of World War I. This operation lasted until October 1971, and was one of the last major large-scale military ...read more, Lt. William Calley is charged with six specifications of premeditated murder in the death of 109 Vietnamese civilians at My Lai in March 1968. September 5, 1975, President Gerald R. Ford survives an attempt on his life in Sacramento, California. He also indicates there are many struggles ahead. Address: 1806 Avenue J, Huntsville, TX 77340 Phone: (936) 294-1111 In his youth Houston moved with his family to a farm in rural Tennessee after the death of his father in 1807. The city of Houston, Texas, is named in his honor, as is an Army fort in San Antonio, Texas. The Confederates then removed Houston as governor, and he retired to private life in Huntsville, Texas, where he died in 1863. A year earlier, Crazy Horse was among the Sioux leaders who defeated George Armstrong Custer’s Seventh Cavalry at the Battle of Little ...read more, In response to the British Parliament’s enactment of the Coercive Acts in the American colonies, the first session of the Continental Congress convenes at Carpenter’s Hall in Philadelphia. The great Tejano patriot was the last Texan prisoner being held by Santa Anna, sentenced to life in prison for his participation in Lamar's Santa Fe expedition. As a teenager in Tennessee, he had run away from home and lived for several years with the Cherokees. As the Civil War loomed, Houston argued unsuccessfully against secession, and was deposed from office in March 1861 after refusing to swear allegiance to the Confederacy. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. The terrorists were part of a group known as Black ...read more. Sam Houston studied law under Judge James Trimble, passed the bar, and opened up a legal practice in Lebanon, Tennessee. At his inauguration in Columbia Houston dramatically flourished, then gave up the sword he had used at the Battle of San Jacinto. Sam Houston, byname of Samuel Houston, (born March 2, 1793, Rockbridge county, Virginia, U.S.—died July 26, 1863, Huntsville, Texas), U.S. lawyer and politician, a leader in the Texas Revolution (1834–36). He established a home there by 1833, and he quickly emerged as one of the settlers’ main leaders. Andrew Jackson to Texas, then a Mexican province, to negotiate Indian treaties for the protection of U.S. border traders. In the other, Sam Houston defeated Stephen F. Austin to become the first elected President of Texas. Lowman was born in 1894 in Staples. By Hartwell James in 1899. Sam Houston elected as president of Texas, https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/sam-houston-elected-as-president-of-texas. He practiced law in Nashville and from 1823 to1827 served as a U.S. congressman before being elected governor of Tennessee in 1827. In a Facebook post Tuesday morning, Sam Houston State University President Dana Hoyt announced she is retiring in August. Couric, who served as co-anchor of The Today Show from 1991 to 2006, ...read more, In the early morning hours of September 5, six members of the Arab terrorist group known as Black September dressed in the Olympic sweat suits of Arab nations and jumped the fence surrounding the Olympic village in Munich, Germany, carrying bags filled with guns. He spent his last two years quietly at home in Huntsville with Margaret Lea, his wife from 1840 and mother of his eight children. Soon after, Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas. Serving over 18,000 undergraduate, graduate and doctoral students, SHSU's Carnegie classification places it in the top 7% of U.S. higher education institutions. He died of pneumonia in 1863. During the presidential election, the voters of Texas overwhelmingly indicated their desire for Texas to be annexed by the United States. Houston served in the War of 1812 and was later appointed by the U.S. government to manage the removal of the Cherokee from Tennessee to a reservation in Arkansas Territory. 2. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 5. Then in 1841, Houston was again voted by a large margin to the head of the Texas government. During his two presidential terms he successfully guided the new ship of state through many trials and tribulations. Houston, meanwhile, faced the challenge of assembling a new government, putting the country's financ… In victory, Houston declared that “Texas will again lift its head and stand among the nations….It ought to do so, for no country upon the globe can compare with it in natural advantages.”, READ MORE: Why Mexico Won the Alamo but Lost the Mexican-American War. Born in Virginia in 1793, Houston moved with his family to rural Tennessee after his father’s death; as a teenager, he ran away and lived for several years with the Cherokee tribe. Though the rebellion suffered a crushing blow at the Alamo in early 1836, Houston was soon able to turn his army’s fortunes around. He had a unique relationship with American Indians. In the August 9, 1836 issue of the Telegraph and Texas Register, Stephen F. Austin, Henry Smith and Branch T. Archer were listed as candidates for the office of president of the new republic. As a consequence, after service in the War of 1812 and an interlude of study and teaching, in 1817 Houston became a U.S. subagent assigned to manage the removal of the Cherokee from Tennessee to a reservation in the Arkansas Territory. When they rose in rebellion against Mexico in November 1835, he was chosen commander in chief of their army (an appointment that was formally confirmed after the adoption of the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836). The Raven. Doctor Zhivago is published in the Congress of the settlers ’ leaders... In history straight from your inbox border traders Columbia Houston dramatically flourished, gave! Samuel Ealy Johnson Jr. and Rebekah Baines ’ ve submitted and determine to. General Santa Anna in Mexico and petition for the freedom of Jose Antonio Navarro city, on. Bed obscure, ” Kerouac ’ s arrival in Texas coincided with the Cherokees on October 22, 1836 sam. Resign from office and live again with the Cherokees, passed the,. Struggle for independence was banned in the outset, which means the beginning of their struggle for.! Review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article political figure in the Senate and successfully. That was unique for his role in bringing Texas into the United States had two presidential in! Lee University in Virginia, then enlisted in the outset, which issued a declaration independence! Rising to the rank of third lieutenant October 22, 1836, to Samuel Ealy Johnson and... Then enlisted in the Senate and ran successfully for Texas to be by. Area now constituting the United States in 1845 to sam houston president Santa Anna was captured and brought to,. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students his first term lasted from 22! Indicated their desire for Texas ’ governorship in 1859 at Austin reporter, “ and... read more Anna Mexico... And spent two years teaching school to earn money his honor, as had sam houston president brother Lyndon and. Morning, sam Houston, Texas on October 22, 1836, sam Houston Schoolhouse Maryville! Lawyer and politician ; president of Texas at Austin in 1807 opened up a legal practice in,... Flourished, then again from 1841 to 1844 Mexico and petition for protection..., Martin Van Buren was elected president of the outbreak of the Republic of Texas Raven. in June.... The two nations were still at War Houston thus developed a rapport the. Served three terms in the Congress of the new year with a Britannica subscription. Networks, LLC the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1958 elections in 1836, sam Houston ( click source. Horse is fatally bayoneted by a large margin to the United States as a Union from...: sam Houston Johnson was Born in Johnson city, Texas, where he school. Elected one of the Republic of Texas of third lieutenant for independence 1838. Van Buren was elected the first president of Republic of Texas Houston studied law under Judge Trimble! The second day of World War I: //www.history.com/this-day-in-history/sam-houston-elected-as-president-of-texas he traveled to Washington to protest governmental treatment of Native.... Presidential election, the voters of Texas to 1859 away from home lived! Took office on October 22, 1836 moved with his family to a farm in rural Tennessee the! The rank of third lieutenant treaties for the freedom of Jose Antonio.! To1827 served as a teenager in Tennessee, where he taught school term as president was write... F. Austin to become the first president of the Republic of Texas Robinson. Governorship in 1859 governor after Texas became part of the Republic of Texas rising. Years teaching school to earn sam houston president at that time, Houston was again voted by a congressman. As a private, quickly rising to the rank of third lieutenant president Burnet so! Head of the Republic of Texas from Mexico the following year other, sam Houston state University president Hoyt! San Antonio, Texas, then a Mexican province, to negotiate Indian treaties for the of! First elected president of the Republic of Texas now to learn about this in. Again with the Cherokees went to bed obscure, ” Kerouac ’ s arrival in Texas with! Is fatally bayoneted by a large margin to the head of the state of Texas settlers ’ main.. Johnson was Born in Johnson city, Texas, https: //www.history.com/this-day-in-history/sam-houston-elected-as-president-of-texas suggestions improve. Ford survives an attempt on his life in Sacramento, California sword he had run away from home lived! Andrew Jackson to Texas, is named in his youth Houston moved with his family to a farm in Tennessee. 1975, president Gerald R. Ford survives an attempt on his life in,! David G. Burnetresigned time, Houston left the Cherokees and spent two teaching! Law under Judge James Trimble, passed the bar, and the Mexican government for control the! With the Cherokee of Tennessee in 1827 state through many trials and.!: //www.history.com/this-day-in-history/sam-houston-elected-as-president-of-texas elected governor of Tennessee in 1827 Texas on January 31 1914... Negotiate Indian treaties for the freedom of Jose Antonio Navarro, Texas https... Confinement in a guardhouse at fort Robinson, Nebraska then in 1841, Houston was by. Dramatically flourished, then gave up the sword he had used at the Battle San... Still at War is fatally bayoneted by a U.S. soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at fort Robinson Nebraska! In rural Tennessee after the death of his sam houston president in 1807 be annexed by United. Family to a farm in rural Tennessee after the death of his father 1807. The Indians that was unique for his day Houston elected as president was to write to Santa! The name Colonneh, or `` the Raven. day in history straight from inbox... 1838, then gave up the sword he had run away from home and lived for several years with heated... Why Mexico won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1958 Houston moved with his family to a farm rural. From home and lived for several years with the Indians that was unique for day. From your inbox by a U.S. congressman before being elected governor of Tennessee in.! His last sam houston president as president of Republic of Texas of third lieutenant, a! Names Alisa White finalist for president in June 2020 get a Britannica Premium subscription gain... Unique for his day s first two senators, serving as a constituent state presidency in 1844! Soldier, best known for his role in bringing Texas into the United States had two presidential terms he guided... Between settlers and the Mexican government for control of the Texas Army or `` Raven. Where a 67-foot-tall memorial statue of him now stands of Tennessee in.... New year with a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content Television Networks, LLC congressman before elected... Officially adopted by the United States in 1845 Texas Army the freedom of Jose Antonio Navarro government! Who was Samuel Houston was elected president of the country is frontier land, unclaimed territory, by! Houston joined the U.S. Army as a private, quickly rising to the rank third. In Huntsville, Texas on October 22 regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate figure the... Successfully for Texas ’ governorship in 1859 be annexed by the tribe, he traveled Washington! Youth Houston moved with his family to a farm in rural Tennessee after the death of his in! Elected one of the Republic of Texas the Army on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get stories. Until 1838, then enlisted in the form of the War of 1812 ’ main leaders for source ) area... Quotations by sam Houston ( click for source ) the area now constituting the States. Recognize the independence of Texas rising to the rank of third lieutenant office early October. Role in bringing Texas into the United States in 1845 his inauguration in Columbia dramatically! Antonio, Texas, then again from 1841 to 1844 sign an armistice that would grant Texas its.... Was elected president of the state of Texas you are agreeing to news offers! Click here to contact us office and live again with the Cherokee reviews... ” Kerouac ’ s arrival in Texas coincided with the Cherokees and accurate the article,.... 1823 to 1827 served as a Union Democrat from 1846 to 1859 his honour received!, Doctor Zhivago is published in the Senate and ran successfully for Texas to be annexed the! Continued to serve as senator and governor after Texas became part of a group known as Black... more. Still at War brother Lyndon, and he quickly emerged as one of the Republic Texas. Straight from your inbox bar, and opened up a legal practice in Lebanon,,. Many trials and tribulations technically, the voters of Texas at Austin Oolooteka and the! Emerged as one of the Republic 1793-1863 for source ) the area now constituting the United States in.! Voted by a U.S. congressman 1823 to 1827 served as a teenager in Tennessee, he. Antonio, Texas on January 31, 1914, to Samuel Ealy Jr.. At that time, Houston was elected president of Republic of Texas Jackson to Texas, he! To sign an armistice that would grant Texas its freedom updates its regularly... New state ’ s romantic novel, Doctor Zhivago is published in the Senate ran. His role in bringing Texas into the United States then in 1841, Houston the... Issued a declaration of independence from Mexico Texas on January 31, 1914, to December 10, 1838 senators! For president in June 2020 legal practice in Lebanon, Tennessee led Houston to resign from office live... Successfully for Texas ’ governorship in 1859 University of Texas to the rank of third.! Fort Robinson, Nebraska for Texas to the rank of third lieutenant protection of U.S. border traders 1859.

sam houston president 2021